Country Profile: Botswana

The database hosted on generates a country profile for all 196 UN member states and the European Union that identifies the legal obligations and political commitments made by each country related to the integration of human rights considerations in climate action, relevant information that the country has included in past national reports to UN climate and human rights bodies, and/or recommendations that these bodies have made to the state.

All UN members have existing human rights obligations in the context of climate change, and the vast majority of governments have already called for a better integration of human rights in climate responses, highlighted barriers for implementation or good practices, and/or received specific guidance from specialised UN institutions.

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(This profile was last updated on 20th October 2017)

Country Profile Overview: Botswana               

Ratification of Human Rights-related Instruments relevant in the context of climate change

…ratified the following human rights instruments with relevance in the context of climate:

  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the CEDAW optional protocol
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
  • Convention Against Torture
  • African Charter of Human and Peoples Rights


For more specific information and references regarding the human rights obligation of this country under international law, please visit   


Positions in the procedures of the UN Human Rights Council

…sponsored the following Human Rights Council’s resolution(s) on Human Rights and Climate Change:

  • HRC Resolution 7/23 (2008)
  • HRC Resolution 18/22 (2011)
  • HRC resolution 26/27 (2014) HRC resolution 29/11 (2015)
  • HRC resolution 32/33 (2016)


UPR Universal Periodic Review (see Part 2 of the country profile for any reference mentioned in this section);

… will participate to the UPR in Jan-Feb 2018, with a deadline for submission of information by civil society on 29.06.2017

Obligations, statements and reports in the context of UN Climate Negotiations

… has ratified the Paris Agreement which recognizes the need for parties to promote and respect human rights when taking climate action;

… emphasized the following principle(s) in its Nationally Determined Contributions submitted under the Paris Agreement: public participation in the implementation of the NDC, food security,

… mentioned human rights in written submission to the UNFCCC in relation to the following issues: the need for capacity building to support countries in implementing human rights-based actions (2016)

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